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13 November 2018, 09:25 | Melissa Porter
Misuse of antibiotics can lead to antibiotic resistance
Dr Caroline McElnay, director of public health at the Ministry of Health, says it's important to have a joined-up response to addressing antibiotic resistance.
Mr Kwaku Agyeman-Manu, the Minister of Health, on Monday said everyone, including health workers, must get involved in the antibiotic resistance campaign and urged the public to adhere to the simple best practices to prevent further re-occurrence. Over the years, however, due to the reckless use of antibiotics, some bacteria modified themselves to resist these drugs, turning into what we now call as antibiotic-resistant bacteria or superbugs. More Australians reported awareness of the term "antibiotic resistance' in 2017 (74%) compared to 70% in 2014".
"Access" category represents more than 50% of antibiotic consumption.
"Across the continent, laboratories can help by looking out for evidence of resistance in the bacteria they see, and to feed this information into national and regional efforts to understand how it spreads and where it poses the greatest risk".
'Antibiotic resistance leads to longer hospital stays, higher medical costs and increased mortality'. Repeated and reckless use of antibiotics gives rise to drug-resistant bacteria.
Never pressure your healthcare provider for an antibiotic prescription. Setting broken bones, basic operations, even chemotherapy and animal health all rely on access to antibiotics that work.
Discovered in the 1920s, antibiotics have saved tens of millions of lives by fighting effectively against diseases of bacterial, such as pneumonia, tuberculosis and meningitis. Also, other bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, are rapidly becoming resistant to not just one type of antibiotic, but several types, including those of a last resort.
"Everyone has a role in responsible antibiotic use, whether it involves a medical doctor prescribing an antibiotic, a patient completing a dosage regimen or a producer working with a veterinarian monitoring herd health", Fowler said.
According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), which spearheads U.S. Antibiotic Awareness Week, up to one-half of antibiotic use is either unnecessary or inappropriate.
In a first, the United Nations health agency said it had collated data on antibiotic use across large parts of the world and had found huge differences in consumption.
Almost three quarters (73%) of those surveyed agree that the federal government should provide incentives to encourage increased private sector investment in the development of new antibiotics, reflecting consensus among 80% of Republicans, 76% of Democrats and 63% of Independents.
WHO methodology was developed to align with OIE's (World Organisation for Animal Health) global database on the use of antimicrobials in animals.
"Adequate support and investment are needed not only for the discovery of new vaccines and therapies for treatment of infections but also for the development and improvement of diagnostic tools", he observed.
"Africa lacks data on the scope and scale of antibiotic resistance".
"Governments, funding agencies and the private sector need to invest and work together to secure safe, effective medicines for generations to come".
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