ibusinesslines.com
ibusinesslines.com November 13, 2018


Breakthrough treatment helps paralyzed patients walk

03 November 2018, 07:11 | Melissa Porter

Media playback is unsupported on your device Media caption'I always dreamed of walking again

Media playback is unsupported on your device                  Media caption'I always dreamed of walking again

It's very rare to see a spinal cord that was this silent, ' says Grégoire Courtine, a neuroscientist at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, referring to an nearly undetectable level of electrical activity in Tobler's lower spine.

He said that after two days, the new movement became nearly natural to the subjects and within a week, they were able to walk with limited assistance.

"The field of spinal cord injury is poised to take a giant leap forward in the treatment of what was until very recently considered incurable paralysis", he wrote.

David M'zee, a 30-year-old Swiss man who was told by doctors he would never walk again after a sporting accident, is now able to walk around half a mile with the implant turned on.

Three patients with severe spinal cord injuries are walking again, thanks to a wireless implant which delivers electrical stimulation to the spinal cord. Scientists think the implant's electrical stimulation adds enough power back to the brain's commands to get muscles moving again. The implanted device was developed to treat pain, but when combined with 5 months of intensive physical therapy, it restored movement years after a paralyzing injury, researchers reported yesterday in Nature.


"If we can stimulate the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system at the same time, the additive effects could restart touch perception and movement in some people". It is still in its early stages but, so far, it has corrected spinal-cord injuries in patients of varying stages of paralysis. "There's a complex network of information coming back into the spinal cord from the leg about where your leg is in space".

All three study participants were able to walk with body-weight support after only one week spent calibrating the nerve stimulation to their individual brain patterns, Courtine said. Walking actually came in fourth, behind sexual function, bladder and bowel movement, and the ability to control body posture. Mzee, whose left leg had been completely paralyzed after a gymnastics accident, had undergone extensive rehabilitation treatment, but with little progress. I'm surprised at what we have been able to do. With EES switched on, he's able to walk using a walker.

"It was a very emotional moment the first time they walked", he said. He is also starting a new company called GTX Medical to continue helping patients after the study, and to promote the technology.

Professor Courtine has been working in this area for 15 years and said the results were "amazing". After a few months, participants regained voluntary control over previously paralysed muscles without stimulation and could walk or cycle in ecological settings during spatiotemporal stimulation. Moreover, they exhibited no leg-muscle fatigue, and so there was no deterioration in stepping quality. 'And [Tobler] needs a walker.' Courtine built a mobile app that allows the patients to turn their stimulators on or off remotely, so they could train at home after the study ended.



Other News

Trending Now

IL sees jump in turnout for early voting
Senate race, as well as statewide ballot measures to enact new gun laws and fees on pollution. The secretary of state's office predicts turnout will reach 30 to 35 percent on Election Day.

Brazil's Bolsonaro follows in Trump's footsteps on Jerusalem embassy move
Bolsonaro, 63, who won a runoff election on Sunday, has outraged many with his overtly misogynistic and racist rhetoric. Earlier this year the US President Donald Trump ordered the US embassy moved to Jerusalem, and Guatemala followed suit.

Diablo III-Themed Loot Goblin amiibo Revealed
A demo of the game is available at BlizzCon but if you're interested in playing Diablo Immortal , you'll have to wait. Dataminers have found evidence of three different Diablo III amiibo that will be compatible with the game on Switch.

'Red Dead Redemption 2' posts highest-grossing opening weekend ever
The game sold over US$725 million in retail in its first three days on store shelves, which is just a shocking, shocking figure. Of course, the legal costs for defending oneself can often make the act of litigation itself punishment enough.

‘Father of Taliban’ Maulana Samiul Haq Assassinated in Rawalpindi
Maulana Sami was a heart patient, Hamid said. "Later, he was found dead in a pool of blood", Hamid ul-Haq told Geo News . Some reports say he was killed in a knife attack, while others say he was shot after gunmen opened fire on his vehicle .

Two wounded in stabbing attack at Sony HQ in London, police say
The police said that there is no evidence of any firearms involved in this incident and it is not being treated as terror related. Armed police were seen around the building in the Kensington neighborhood of the city, Sky News reported .

Chinese, Pakistan leaders prepare to meet amid debt concerns
The minister said: "Cooperation in agriculture and security realm will be part of our discussion with the Chinese leadership". The statements evoked serious concerns in China as the CPEC is the flagship project of President Xi's pet multi-billion BRI.