ibusinesslines.com November 14, 2018

Next stop…Mercury: Arianespace launches the BepiColombo mission to explore the "Swift Planet"

24 October 2018, 12:01 | Justin Tyler


ESA  ATG medialab  NASA  JPL

Final preparations are underway for the launch of a joint-European and Japanese mission to Mercury, the closest planet to the Sun.

The BepiColombo mission took off from the European Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana at 9:45 p.m.

Mission controllers based in Darmstadt, Germany, would spend much of Saturday talking to the spacecraft, to confirm they were properly configured for the long cruise ahead.

BepiColombo will launch tonight at the earliest, using the gravity of Earth, Venus, and Mercury to assist its seven-year journey to the rocky planet.

Once on station, the spacecraft will have to endure blistering 660-degree temperatures at Mercury's average distance of 37 million miles from the sun. During that time, the spacecraft will make one flyby of Earth, two of Venus, and six of Mercury before finally reaching its destination.

It's the first time the European and Japanese space agencies (Esa and Jaxa) have set out for Mercury.

Scientists hope the mission will tell them more about how the solar system was made and give them a better idea about the potential for life on exoplanets, which are planets found orbiting other stars.

Enlarge Image

BepiColombo was named after the late Giuseppe "Bepi" Colombo, an Italian scientist and engineer who played a leading role in the 1974 Mariner 10 mission. This means that a day on Mercury lasts two years, or 176 Earth days. More than 30 years later, NASA launched Messenger, the first spacecraft to successfully orbit and map Mercury's surface. The MMO, designed by the European Space Agency (ESA), will be investigating the magnetospheric interactions between the planet and the solar wind that is ejected from the Sun.

The ESA-developed Bepi will operate in Mercury's inner orbit, and JAXA's Mio will be in the outer orbit to gather data that would reveal the internal structure of the planet, its surface and geological evolution. Some other mysterious features of the planet that BepiColombo could help us better understand include why it appears to have shrunk over time and how it generates its own magnetic field despite spinning very slowly on its axis.

While BepiColombo's main science camera is enshrouded for the trip to Mercury, the craft is equipped with three low-resolution monitoring cameras to provide additional visual confirmation that arrays and antennas have deployed correctly-images of each will be received by ESOC over the course of the weekend. Its cost is estimated at 1.85 billion dollars.

Even if BepiColombo only partially fulfills its objectives, the knowledge that researchers gained in designing and launching the spacecraft will be applied to future missions.

After launch, BepiColmbo must constantly brake, otherwise it will fly straight past the planet!

Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, but not the hottest. Because of its size and closeness to the Sun, the planet orbit the sun very fast, which makes it very hard for any spacecraft that wants to visit it. It also is the 121st Airbus-produced spacecraft lofted by Arianespace, which has a backlog of 22 additional satellites to orbit for this manufacturer on future flights.

Only two NASA spacecraft, Mariner 10 and Messenger, have visited Mercury before, with Messenger intentionally crashing into the planet in 2015.

Other News

Trending Now

US revokes visas over Khashoggi's death
Lisel Hintz, a Turkey expert at Johns Hopkins University, said Erdogan most likely perceived Khashoggi's killing as a personal affront .

Saudi king, crown prince meet Khashoggi family
The development came shortly after Turkish president Recep Tayip Erdogan accused Saudi Arabia of plotting Khashoggi's murder. Khashoggi walked into the Saudi consulate on October 2 in Istanbul, to finalize his divorce so he could marry his fiancée.

Meghan Markle not sick on royal tour
And even though the dress had a fun cape and was accessorized with dangly diamond earrings, Meghan's belly stole the show! The couple will then finish their tour with a four-day visit to New Zealand.

WWE star Roman Reigns reveals battle with leukemia
He said that there was a time when he didn't have anything, but WWE is the team that gave him a chance. And the superstars in the locker room are real people and reality came up here and bit us tonight.

Adenovirus Outbreak In New Jersey Kills 6 Children, Sickens 12 More
The facility's pediatrics center cares for patients ranging in age from newborn to 22 years of age, according to its website. PHOTO: Wanaque Center for Nursing and Rehabilitation in Haskell, N.J, is pictured in this undated image from Google.

Royal Tour: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle in Fiji on day 9
With that being said, Meghan is expected to make as many appearances at local charities and events as she can. Meghan reportedly replied to Wolf and said, "We've been given a long list of names from everyone".

Amy Schumer announces pregnancy on Instagram
Schumer's announcement - "I'm pregnant - Amy Schumer " - appeared at the bottom of the list of preferred candidates. Though they've been married for eight months, it's unclear how far along Schumer is or when her due date will be.