ibusinesslines.com
ibusinesslines.com November 12, 2018


What's Your Reaction to the IPCC Climate Report?

11 October 2018, 08:18 | Justin Tyler

The IPCC report says drastic action is needed to limit global warming. AAP

Wind power plant- wind turbines of Windy Hill Wind Farm in the Atherton Tablelands

The IPCC report, which was produced with the help of 91 authors and review editors from 40 countries, was approved over the weekend at a meeting in South Korea.

After the report's publication there were headlines like: "We have 12 years to act on climate change before the world as we know it is lost".

The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change requested a report "on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways" as part of the Paris climate accord. Many of us may even be feeling its effects right now with air pollution and increasing annual rainfall, but the long-term consequences are even more unsettling.

Climate scientists have been studying the effect of a global temperature rise of 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) over preindustrial levels and have determined that is the maximum possible warming before sea level rise, drought, and other climate-change effects become catastrophic.

At the Paris Agreement in 2015‚ 2 degrees was set as the ceiling we should aim to stay under‚ but that has now shifted to 1.5 degrees.

Another recent report from the consulting firm PwC makes it clear that even limiting warming to 2 degrees C will be a stretch: "There seems to be nearly zero chance of limiting warming to well below two degrees (the main goal of the Paris Agreement), though widespread use of carbon capture and storage technologies, including Natural Climate Solutions, may make this possible", it says.

Limiting warming to 1.5 °C compared to 2 °C has clear and considerable benefits, such as significantly reducing the risks of water scarcity, ill-health, food insecurity, flood and drought, extreme heat, tropical cyclones, biodiversity loss, and sea level rise. The report shows even half a degree of extra warming will affect hundreds of millions of people and urges governments around the world to phase out coal power by 2050.

One contributing factor to higher temps includes carbon emissions.

Currently, the world has seen 1C of warming over the past 115 years, according to a USA report last year.

Like it or not, climate change and global warming are things that concern all of us.


Unless African governments take swift action against global warming, millions of people in the continent are in danger of being pushed into poverty and hunger.Oxfam International, an amalgamation of 20 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working with partners in over 90 countries to end the injustices that cause poverty, raised the alarm yesterday.

Countries will need to bring down their greenhouse gas to about half of 2010 levels by 2030 and to net zero by about 2050.

Limiting global warming to 1.5C will cost the world $2.4 trillion every year for the next two decades, the United Nations report warns.

"The next few years are probably the most important in our history", Debra Roberts, co-chair of the IPCC Working Group II, said in a statement marking the report's release.

Rapid, far reaching and unprecedented changes to all aspects of society are needed if global warming is to be limited 1.5 degrees, according to a new assessment by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Temperatures would be 1.5C higher between 2030 and 2052 if the world continued at its current pace, it warned.

The not-so-great news? They need to accelerate.

"Most current and potential [carbon dioxide removal] measures could have significant impacts on land, energy, water, or nutrients if deployed at large scale", the report said.

While more than 180 countries have accepted the report's summary, the U.S. (which is the second biggest emitter in the world) said that their acceptance of the report does not "imply endorsement" of the findings.

The IPCC report also suggests people reduce their consumption of animal products by 30 per cent.



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