ibusinesslines.com November 18, 2018

Bolton calls U.N. world court 'politicized,' U.S. to limit exposure

05 October 2018, 09:55 | Erica Roy

Bolton calls U.N. world court 'politicized,' U.S. to limit exposure

Bolton calls U.N. world court 'politicized,' U.S. to limit exposure

He said the United Nations court, often called the "World Court", had no jurisdiction over the sanctions, which Pompeo said were essential to US security interests, and that Washington would "terminate" the little-known treaty with Iran.

The judges at the court in The Hague ruled unanimously that the sanctions on some goods breached a 1955 "Treaty of Amity" between Iran and the US that predates Iran's Islamic US that predates Iran's Islamic Revolution.

Although Bolton said that "the United States remains a party to the underlying Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations", he noted that "given this history and Iran's abuse of the ICJ, we will commence a review of all global agreements that may still expose the United States to purported binding jurisdiction, dispute resolution in the worldwide Court of Justice, the United States will not sit idly by as baseless, politicized claims are brought against us". But the case did throw a long-obscure treaty into the limelight and deal an unwelcome challenge to the Trump administration's reimposition of sanctions following its unilateral withdrawal from the Iran nuclear agreement.

"Bolton is basically announcing that the U.S.is becoming a rogue state", tweeted journalist Aaron Rupar.

"The United States has been actively engaged on these issues without regard to any proceeding before the ICJ", he said. "The United States will not sit idly by as baseless politicised claims are brought against us".

The United States and its ally Israel said yesterday (12 October) they were pulling out of the UN's culture and education body in a move that underlined Washington's drift away from worldwide institutions. "Given Iran's history of terrorism, ballistic missile activities, and other malign behavior, Iran's claims under the treaty are absurd".

Iran filed a lawsuit against the USA at the ICJ in July, arguing that the sanctions violate the friendship agreement signed in 1955 between the two countries when Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was in power.

So, our actions today deal with the treaties and current litigation involving the United States before the International Court of Justice.

Earlier this year, the Trump administration killed US funding for the United Nations' aid for Palestinian refugees.

The court ruled the US had violated a treaty of goodwill it had set up with Iran in the 1950s - well before the Islamic revolution that would lead to the country to become the world's foremost exporter of terror. He noted that the United State will continue delivering clean drinking water to Basra's 750,000 residents.

It said the exceptions mentioned by Pompeo "are not adequate to address fully the humanitarian and safety concerns" raised by Iran.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif praised the court ruling on Twitter, calling it "another failure for sanctions-addicted" USA and a "victory for rule of law". "Outlaw regime", Zarif wrote on Twitter. Trump withdrew from the seven-nation Iran nuclear deal in May, a decision taken over the objections from the other countries in the accord.

The court said the case will continue and the USA can still challenge its jurisdiction but no date has been set for further hearings. "You can certainly expect a major backlash at a time when Tehran can least afford it, given Iran's attempts to gain European support to counter the re-imposition of crippling sanctions by the Trump administration", added Shahbandar.

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