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Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou, Donna Strickland win Nobel Prize in Physics
02 October 2018, 03:42 | Justin Tyler
University of Waterloo professor Donna Strickland won the 2018 Nobel Prize in physics. Hilary Gauld-Camilleri University of Waterloo
Three scientists from the United States, Canada and France won the Nobel Prize in Physics on Tuesday for work with lasers described as revolutionary and bringing science fiction into reality.
Mr. Ashkin developed optical tweezers that can grab particles, .
American Ashkin of Bell Laboratories in the United States won half of the prize while Frenchman Mourou, who also has USA citizenship, and Canadian Strickland shared the other half.
Nobel Prize considered a pride to regard people who have made great advances and discoveries in different fields. Strickland became the third female Nobel laureate in physics.
The awarding of the Nobel Prize in physics to Strickland has ended a drought for women winning any of the prestigious prizes. "Advanced precision instruments are opening up unexplored areas of research and a multitude of industrial and medical applications", stated the official website.
He started his work on manipulation of microparticles with laser light in the late 1960s which resulted in the invention of optical tweezers in 1986.
Along with Donna Strickland, he co-invented a technique called chirped pulse amplification, or CPA, which was later used to create ultrashort-pulse, very high-intensity laser pulses.
The prizes for achievements in science, literature and peace have been awarded since 1901 in accordance with the will of Swedish business tycoon Alfred Nobel, whose discovery of dynamite generated a vast fortune used to fund the prize.
On Monday, two immunologists, James Allison of the USA and Tasuku Honjo of Japan, won this year's Nobel Medicine Prize for research into how the body's natural defences can fight cancer.
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